Court systems and private international law

On 2 March Xandra Kramer gave a talk at a conference in Berlin on 'How European is European Private International Law?'. She focused on the how the judicial infrastructure can contribute to the application of European private international law rules, using among others aggregated statistics on the number of preliminary questions of national courts in the Member States and an inventory among experts and stakeholders in a number of Member States. One of the issues addressed was the rise of international commercial courts, in the Netherlands, Belgium, France, and Germany in particular, as is studied in depth by Georgia Antonopoulou in our ERC project. These courts are, however, not established with a view to facilitating the proper application of EU private international law rules.

Whereas specialized courts, special chambers within courts, specialised judges, court experts, judicial training, formal (e.g. EJN) and informal networks are useful to improve the application of these rules, it should be realized that in many courts these rules are only relevant in relatively a small number of cases, and measures should be cost-effective not to burden the available court budget. In addition, reflection is necessary as to the role of European private international law in view of current developments and  the political and social climate in the EU. 


EU flag ERC logo

Prof. dr. Xandra Kramer

I am the project leader and professor at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam and at the Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance of Utrecht University, the Netherlands. View my full résumé, publications, lecturing activities and projects at my website

Erasmus University Rotterdam, School of Law
Sanders building
P.O. Box 1738, NL-3000 DR Rotterdam
Email: | Phone: +31 (0)10 408 1628

Erlis Themeli

I am a researcher at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, working on the postdoc project Digitalisation of Civil Justice (eJustice). I graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana in 2006. From 2005 to 2007, I worked in the banking and litigation department of one of the largest law firms in Albania. Since 2006, I have been a member of the Albanian Chamber of Advocates, admitted to the bar in 2007. Between 2008 and 2011, I worked for the High Council of Justice in Albania covering the position of head of the projects sector. I obtained my master degree in Comparative Private and International Private Law from the University of Groningen, in 2012. From 2012 till 2017, I was a PhD researcher at Erasmus School of Law conducting my PhD research on the competition of civil justice systems, which I hope to defend early 2018.


Dr. Alexandre Biard

I am a postdoc researcher at Erasmus School of Law, working on the subproject Privatisation of Civil Justice (ADR). I hold master degrees from Sciences Po Paris (2009) and University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (2010), and completed my Ph.D dissertation on collective redress and judicial behaviour at Erasmus School of Law, Bologna University and Hamburg University in 2014. I was admitted to the Paris Bar in 2015, and worked at the European Commission (Directorate General for Health & Consumers), and in the litigation and EU regulatory departments of several law firms in Paris and Brussels. I am also a volunteer fellow in the non-profit organisation The Good Lobby fostering access to justice for civil society organisations through pro bono cooperation. My list of publications is available here.

Erasmus University Rotterdam, School of Law
Sanders building
P.O. Box 1738, NL-3000 DR Rotterdam


Jos Hoevenaars

I am a researcher at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, working on the postdoc project Self-Representation in Civil Justice. I studied Sociology at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam and obtained my masters degree in 2011. From 2012 I have worked as a PhD researcher and lecturer at the Institute for Sociology of Law and the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen. From 2012 to 2017 I performed my PhD research on private party litigation before the Court of Justice of the European Union, which I will defend early 2018. Apart from my academic work, I also work as a musician, music producer and am the co-founder and editor of Rotterdam-based journal ‘Het Potentieel’.

Emma van Gelder

I am a PhD candidate at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, working on the subproject Digitalisation of Civil Procedure (ODR). I recently graduated from Utrecht University with a Master’s degree in Legal Research LLM (July 2017, cum laude). During my Master’s I worked as a trainee at the European Court of Auditors, where I was involved in research concerning the ECA as an accountability forum for European Enforcement Authorities.

Georgia Antonopoulou LLM

I am a PhD candidate at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, working on the subproject Court Specialisation. I am a graduate of the Law School of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (2011) with postgraduate studies in Civil Procedure and International Litigation Law, at the same University (2015). I have completed my LL.M. focusing on International Private Law and European Procedure Law at the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Germany. I was admitted to the Athens Bar in 2014, and worked as an attorney at law specialising in compulsory enforcement law, insolvency law and estate law for several law firms in Athens.

Kyra Hanemaayer

I am a student-assistant at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, working on the ERC project. I finished my BSc Economics & Business Economics at the Erasmus School of Economics and my LL.B. Law at the Erasmus School of Law in 2017. In 2018, I will obtain my masters degree in International Economics at the Erasmus School of Economics.

Advisory Board

Our advisory board offers expertise on national law and specific topics of our research, and supports in the design and implementation of empirical research where necessary.

Members of our advisory board are:

Prof. dr. Burkhard Hess

Executive Director of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law; Professor in Civil Law, Civil Procedure, Private International Law, European Law and Public International Law (Faculty of Law, Heidelberg University). His research interests include European civil procedural law; German civil procedural law.

Prof. dr. Christopher Hodges

Professor of Justice Systems, and head of the Swiss Re/CMS Research Programme on Civil Justice Systems, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford. His research interests include Civil Justice Systems (procedural and funding systems); Multi-Party Actions (class actions and representative/collective actions); EU Regulation of Products; Healthcare law; Product liability; and Consumer law.

Prof. dr. Peter Mascini

Professor in Empirical Legal Studies at the Erasmus School of Law of the Erasmus University Rotterdam at which university he is also an associate professor of sociology at the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences. His research focuses on the legitimization, implementation, and enforcement of laws and policies.

Prof. dr. Elisabetta Silvestri

Associate Professor of Italian Civil Procedure and Comparative Civil Procedure; Scientific Director of the post-graduate program for the training of mediators and ADR professionals, Department of Law, University of Pavia. Her research interests include collective redress; ADR; and the structure of EU judicial systems.

Dr. John Sorabji

Senior Judicial Institute Fellow, Faculty of Laws, University College, London; Principal Legal Adviser to the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales and the Master of the Rolls. His research interests include the operation of Civil Justice Systems; procedural reform and innovation; and, the philosophy of litigation. He is, amongst other things, the assistant editor of The White Book, the leading commentary on English and Welsh civil procedure.

Prof. dr. Sebastian Spinei

Associate professor of Civil procedure, Faculty of Law, Lucian Blaga University, Sibiu. His research interests include Civil procedure, Civil enforcement, Judicial systems and Legal profession.