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Out Now: Frontiers in Civil Justice

We are happy and proud that our book Frontiers in Civil Justice: Privatisation, Monetisation and Digitisation (eds. Xandra Kramer, Jos Hoevenaars, Betül Kas and Erlis Themeli) has been published by Elgar. It is a volume evolving from the ERC project Building EU Civil Justice, and contains excellent chapters by many colleagues we have worked with in the past years.

The book studies three interrelated frontiers in civil justice from a European and national perspectives, combining theory with policy and insights from practice: the interplay between private and public justice, the digitization of justice, and litigation funding. These current topics are viewed against the backdrop of the requirements of effective access to justice and the overall goal of establishing a sustainable civil justice system in Europe.

The combined works take on a pan-European perspective and zoom in on several European jurisdictions, thereby providing a holistic exploration of current civil justice debates and frontiers. The book includes chapters dedicated to the interaction between public and private justice, the digitisation of both private dispute resolution and court litigation, including the rapid development and use of advanced forms of Artificial Intelligence, and the funding of justice, especially collective actions and settlements by means of private funding and common funds.

The book can be ordered here. The first Introductory chapter is open access available on the EE website.

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Building EU Civil Justice

Access to civil justice is of paramount importance for enforcing the rights of consumers and businesses and protecting fundamental rights. Key issues in the current efforts to improve access to justice at the EU and national level are the digitisation of procedures and decision making, the privatisation of justice (ADR), increasing self-representation, and court specialisation. We investigate how these trends develop and how these influence access to justice in selected Member States and at the EU level, and how these influence the emerging EU civil justice system. Another key issue in access to justice the costs and funding of civil justice. In the connected Vici project financed by the Dutch Research Council (NWO), that kicked off on 1 December 2020, we investigate the repercussions on access to justice of developments in litigation funding, and in particular the shift from public to private funding and cost management measures. In our research we combine legal-normative research and comparative law with empirical research, which helps us in testing and revising our ideas. Our mission is to connect the dots in order to help build and maintain a sustainable civil justice system in Europe.

Past events & Newsletters

  • Our Vici team is hosting a new seminar series on Trends and Challenges in Costs and Funding of Civil Justice between December 2021 and June 2022 (register here).The last seminar on Regulating third party financing takes place on 22 June 2022 in a hybrid format (view full program)
  • Here is our third ERC project Newsletter (November 2020) including our publications, events and other news!
  • Here are our first ERC project Newsletter (2018) and second Newsletter (2019) including publications events and accomplishments

Missions accomplished…

  • Book New Pathways to Civil Justice in Europe published (eds. Xandra Kramer, Alexandre Biard, Jos Hoevenaars & Erlis Themeli), Springer 2021
  • Conference on International Commercial Courts, co-organized with BIICL on 17 September 2021.
  • Online seminar series by the ERC group zooming in on the different research topics of members in Spring 2021
  • Our online Conference Frontiers in Civil Justice was held on 16 and 17 November 2020. View the programme and read the full conference report here.
  • A webinar on The ELI-Unidroit Model European Rules of Civil Procedure: soft law shaping the future of European Civil Procedure? was held on 6 November 2020. View the program and news item.
  • International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective (eds. Xandra Kramer & John Sorabji), Eleven International Publishing 2019. Order your paper copy here. The electronic version is available open access here.
  • Special issue dedicated to International Business Courts of Erasmus Law Review (2019/1). The Introduction is available here.
  • On 2-3 May 2019, the ERC project team and the e-CODEX Plus project jointly organized the successful conference ‘e’ Meets Justice in Lisbon.
  • Conference: Challenge Accepted! Exploring Pathways to Civil Justice in Europe, ERC conference Rotterdam, 19-20 November 2018 (program in pdf). Read the conference report published in the European Review of Private Law here.
  • Innovating International Business Courts: a European Outlook, seminar Rotterdam, 10 July 2018. Read the seminar report published in the European Review of Private Law here.


Suggestions are welcome. Seeking collaboration? Wanting to build bridges? Contact us!